Applied Nutrition BCAA Amino Hydrate
BCAA Amino Hydrate is a product from UK based company Applied Nutrition. This product states that it can build and maintain muscle whilst also helping to recover. This review will aim to examine the ingredients in this product to see if it can support the claims made.
L-leucine, L-isoleucine, L-valine
Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine are all Branched chain amino acids (BCAA’s). They are essential for protein synthesis which is stimulated after exhaustive exercise (1) as well as the critical metabolic process in muscle (2, 3). The metabolic roles of Leucine include energy production and the modulator of muscle protein synthesis via the insulin signalling pathway. There is a reason to suggest that it helps maintenance of muscle mass during weight loss (4). Leucine has also been shown to help in the direct maintenance of glucose homeostasis by improving the redistribution of glucose via the glucose – alanine cycle (5).
Glutamine is a naturally non-essential neutral amino acid that helps with the transport of nitrogen between tissues. Heavy exercise has shown a reduction of glutamine in the blood (6). The amount of glutamine in the muscle is known to be related to the rate of protein synthesis (7) and glycogen synthesis (8) in the first few hours of recovery period of exercise.
Citrulline malate is a combination of an amino acid (citrulline) and an organic salt (malate) which is a tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate. It’s noted effects include an increase in lactate metabolism and an antiasthenic effect (9). A major effect is an increase in aerobic capacity during exercise and greater recovery after exercise; this is due to the rate of muscle oxidative ATP production during exercise and the rate of PCr recovery after exercise (9).
Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide which is a complex carbohydrate. This ingredient is water soluble and unlike other carbohydrates, is easily digestible (10) and can give a quick release of energy without any spikes of glycaemia (11).
Tri Sodium Citrate
Sodium Citrate is the sodium salt of citric acid. The benefits of this ingredient that have been observed are mainly for short term high intensity exercise (12). During high intensity exercise performance is limited due to an increase of pH within the muscle and the bodies inability to counteract this from buffering systems (13). Sodium Citrate can help aid this by helping to neutralize and offset these hydrogen ions and decreasing the pH level, this means that the body can perform short term, high – intensity exercise for longer periods of time (14).
Tri Potassium Citrate
Potassium citrate is a form of potassium which has several function such as regulating water balance (15), central nervous system function (16) and helps convert glucose into glycogen which provides energy to the bodies muscles (17).
Tri Calcium Phosphate
Calcium phosphate is formed from calcium and phosphorus properties. It can help to aid the growth and maintenance of bones (18). Other important benefits of calcium include helping blood clotting (19), heart contractions (20), lungs (21) and muscles to function properly (22), this is due to calcium binding with phosphate to create calcium phosphate (23).
Silicon Dioxide doesn’t add any nutritional benefits to this supplement. The main reason for silicon dioxide in this supplement is that it aids in the even distribution of the active ingredients in this supplement.
The main function of citric acid is the reduction of physical fatigue (24). The reason for this is due to citric acid being a major component of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. TCA cycle is the process of converting carbohydrates, fats and proteins into carbon dioxide and water (25). By increasing citric acid it activates the TCA cycle and in turn speeds up ATP production thus replenishing energy.
Sodium chloride is otherwise known as salt. It is theorised that sodium chloride can help prevent cramps as the key mechanism in muscle contraction is the flooding of the action potential in the muscle membrane, and so if there is a sodium deficiency it may cause the muscle to cramp (26).
Acesulfame K is a sweetener that is calorie free. This ingredient is used in many products and is used to make the product taste sweeter and does not have any nutritional benefit.
Sucralose is a sweetener that is calorie free. This ingredient is used in many products and is used to make the product taste sweeter and does not have any nutritional benefit.
SOYA Lecithin is an emulsifier which means that it helps aid the ingredients to disperse in water rather than separate into oily droplets and water.
Curcumin is the derivative of turmeric and ginger. It is best known for its anti – inflammatory properties (27 ,28 ,29)
The active form of vitamin B6 is known as P-L-P (30), which is stimulated by exercise (31). During exercise the body relies on the liver to produce glucose via glycogenolysis, for which vitamin b6 is essential for, and is an integral part of the glycogen phosphorylase enzyme and thus will provide energy to the bodies’ muscles (32).
The vast amounts of ingredients included within this product contains ingredients that can help build and maintain muscles as well as helping aid in the recovery of exercise. This product can be consumed pre, during and post workout. This product has no banned substances when referring to the WADA prohibited list when observing the label / ingredients posted on the website.
*NOTE – This product has not been tested in a laboratory and may contain other substances that may not appear on the label
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|Use for||Muscle Gain|
|Price||£34.95 – 49.99|