Glutamic Acid


Glutamic acid is a non-essential amino acid. It has been found to be the major metabolic fuel for the small intestine (117) and determines the rate of protein turnover in the muscle (118).


117 – Lacey, J. M., & Wilmore, D. W. (1990). Is glutamine a conditionally essential amino acid?. Nutrition reviews, 48(8), 297-309.

118 – Rennie, M. J., MacLennan, P. A., Hundal, H. S., Weryk, B., Smith, K., Taylor, P. M., … & Watt, P. W. (1989). Skeletal muscle glutamine transport, intramuscular glutamine concentration, and muscle-protein turnover.Metabolism, 38(8), 47-51.