Dl-alpha Tocopheryl Acetate
Dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate is otherwise known as vitamin E and is an anti-oxidant (88). This means that it protects the muscles from free radicals, which causes muscle soreness and damage to the muscle tissue and fat cells (89). Dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate can counteract these free radicals before damaging these parts of the body which can allow exercise to be prolonged (90).
88 – Jakemanl, P., & Maxwell, S. (1993). Effect of antioxidant vitamin supplementation on muscle function after eccentric exercise. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, 67(5), 426-430.
89 – Davies, K. J., Quintanilha, A. T., Brooks, G. A., & Packer, L. (1982). Free radicals and tissue damage produced by exercise. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 107(4), 1198-1205.
90 – McCay, P. B. (1985). Vitamin E: interactions with free radicals and ascorbate.Annual review of nutrition, 5(1), 323-340.